HTML refers to a computer language that was developed to allow users to create websites. These sites can then be viewed by anyone who is connected to the internet. HTML is a computer language that is relatively easy to learn, as the basics can be accessible to a majority of people in just a single sitting. It power comes in the ability to create something new and fresh. The language is constantly being improved and evolving to the meet the changing requirements and demands of the rapid technological growth and the fast growing Internet audience. W3C is the organization that has been tasked with maintaining and improving the HTML language.
[box]HTML. is an acronym that stands for Hyper Text Markup Language. Let’s look deeper into what constitutes HTML:[/box]
- Hypertext: This is the method through which a user moves around on the internet by clicking on some distinct text known as hyperlinks that take you to the following page. The mere fact that it is hyper means that it is not linear, therefore, you can visit any place on the Internet whenever you feel like by just following the links.
- Markup: This is what HTML tags do to the text within them. They mark it as a specific type of text.
- Language: HTML just like any other language has its syntax and codewords.
How does HTML Work?
HTML has a series of short codes which are typed into a text file by the user these are referred to as tags. After the site author is done, he/she will save the text file as an HTML file, and then view it through a browser such as Mozilla Firefox, Internet Explorer, Opera, or Netscape Navigator.
The browser will read the file and then translate the text into a distinct form, hopefully displaying the page as the web developer had intended. Writing your own HTML involves using tags in the right manner to create your desires site. To do this, you can employ a rudimentary text editor or a powerful graphical editor in creating the HTML pages.
What are the uses of Tags?
The tags are what divide normal text from an HTML code. You might also refer to them as words between the angle brackets’. They allow all the cool stuff such as tables and images, just by telling the browser to display on the page. Different tags will accomplish different functions.
These tags will not appear when you visit the page through your browser; however, their effects will. The simplest tags includes applying formatting to few words like this:
I will eat these apples, and take my breakfast.
In the illustration above tags were enfolded around the text, and their effect will be that the contained text will be bolded when seen through an ordinary browser.
Header tags are essential text within an article that a search engine reads to determine the content of a web page. On the other hand, paragraph tags are used to determine the beginning and end of a paragraph when working in a text editor.
Is There Anything that HTML cannot do?
Since the creation of sites became gained popularity, needs have tripled, and numerous other supporting languages have been created to permit new stuff to happen. HTML is updated after every few years, to make way for improvements, and it today it is more efficient than ever.
What is a Web Browser?
A web browser refers to a software application that enables the user to view and interact with music, videos, images, and other information which could be on a site. Images and text on a site can have hyperlinks which can direct the user to other pages at the same time or to a different website.
Web browsers permit their users to easily and quickly access information offered on many sites on the internet by following these links. A web page may differ from one browser to another as the different web browsers format HTML information differently.
Standards and Protocols
Web browsers communicate with web servers mainly using HTTP to fetch web pages. HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) permits web browsers to submit information to web servers as well as fetch web pages from them. Pages on the internet can be identified by using URL( Uniform Resource Locator), which is seen as an address and it starts with ‘http://’ for HTTP access.
Usually, the file format of a web page is HTML and is acknowledged in the HTTP protocol. A majority of web browsers also support an assortment of additional formats, formats, for instance, GIF, PNG, and JPEG, and they can be extended to support the more use of plugins.
Older browsers that had limited functionality will not be compatible with the latest plugins and make not work on the recent versions of HTML.